In Afghanistan, TB disproportionately affects women who make up more than two-thirds of all TB patients. Children, the elderly, the poor, and displaced populations are also at higher risk of infection, particularly in urban settings where dense populations and overcrowding exacerbate transmission. This webinar explores how expanding the WHO’s directly observed treatment, short course (DOTS) strategy to the densely populated city of Kabul has helped the country strengthen its TB control efforts. Implemented by USAID’s Challenge TB Project in partnership with MSH and a broad coalition of organizations and health workers in public and private health facilities, urban DOTS has improved TB treatment coverage and increased case notifications and treatment success rates. The urban DOTS program has been scaled up to five additional urban centers across the country.
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